All you need to know about WIND

Wind is the major motor to practice activities such as windsurfing or kitesurfing, even more wind could be responsible for major accidents and hazards associated to practice your favorite activity.

Before practicing windsurfing and kitesurfing we highly recommend that you check your spot forecast and avoid surfing in offshore winds. Several websites are available to check your spot forecast.

A wind has three main characteristics which are: Speed or force, wind rose and directions.

  1. Wind Speed

Wind speed or wind force is usually measured in Knots, some other measurements are widely used, and to simplify this issue for beginners, in below table a summary on wind speed and its feeling to human eye/body.

Knots Beaufort Km/H Mph Label Level
1 0 1 1 Calm Too Low to practice
1-3 1 1-5 1-3 Light Air Too Low to practice
4-6 2 6-11 4-7 Light Breeze Too Low to practice
7-10 3 12-19 8-12 Gentle Breeze Beginner / Intermediate / advanced
11-15 4 20-28 13-17 Moderate Breeze Beginner / Intermediate / advanced
16-21 5 29-38 18-24 Fresh Breeze Beginner / Intermediate / advanced
22-27 6 39-49 25-30 Strong Breeze Intermediate / advanced
28-33 7 50-61 31-38 Near Gale Intermediate / advanced
34-40 8 62-74 39-46 Gale Advanced
41-47 9 75-88 47-54 Severe Gale Too Risky
48-55 10 89-102 55-63 Strom Too Risky
56-63 11 103-117 64-73 Violent Storm Too Risky
64-71 12 >118 >74 Hurricane Too Risky
  1. Wind Rose

Wind rose is a graphical tool, widely used by sailors, meteorologists in order to check how typically wind is distributed in a specific location. Wind rose could be used by surfers to check annual wind distribution and speed in a specific area and which season has more powerful wind speed.

Wind_rose_plot

  1. Wind direction

As stated above the 3rd criteria for wind characteristics is its direction.

Abreviation Direction Degrees
N North
NNE North-Northeast 22.5
NE Northeast 45°
ENE East-Northeast 67.5°
E East 90°
ESE East-Southeast 112.5°
SE Southeast 135°
SSE South-Southeast 157.5°
S South 180°
SSW South-Southwest 202.5°
SW Southwest 225°
WSW West-Southwest 247.5°
W West 270°
WNW West-Northwest 292.5°
NW Northwest 315°
NNW North-Northwest 337.5°

 

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